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Andrews book: Lock question

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How do I know on which object the lock is being attained on(see the bolded code). The book says lock is attained on recordNumbers HashMap. In multithreaded programming, I am used to the code synchronized(<objName> .

public DVD getDvd(String upc) throws IOException {
log.entering("DvdFileAccess", "getDvd", upc);

try {
// Determine where in the file this record should be.
// note: if this is null the record does not exist
Long locationInFile = recordNumbers.get(upc);
return (locationInFile != null) ? retrieveDvd(locationInFile)
: null;
} finally {
log.exiting("DvdFileAccess", "getDvd");

Also, in retrievDVD method, is "DELETED" written in the database file if a dvd is deleted?

DVD returnValue = ("DELETED".equals(upc))
? null
: new DVD(upc, name, composer, director, leadActor,
supportingActor, year, copy);


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I guess, you can rely only on comments and name of that lock.
The object, which is locked is "recordNumbersLock". You could do the same thing using synchronized block:

You are synchronizing access to "instance" by forcing all threads to acquire "helpInstance"'s monitor first. Using java.util.concurrent.locks is similiar to this scenario -> I don't see any direct link between lock and hashmap.
Any objections?

You can try this experiment: create 2 threads, where one will protect "instance" using java.util.concurrent.locks, and the other thread using synchronized block on that "instance". And you should see, that this is not thread-safe.
Harish Yerneni
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Thanks, John. As you said, the lock is on the lock object itself.
Don't get me started about those stupid light bulbs.
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