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Question 159)
import java.awt.*;
public class TestFrame extends Frame
{
Button bNorth = new Button("North");
Button bSouth = new Button("South");
Button bEast = new Button("East");
Button bWest = new Button("West");
Button bCenter = new Button("Center");
public TestFrame()
{
setLayout(new FlowLayout());
add(bNorth);
add(bSouth);
add(bWest);
add(bEast);
add(bCenter);
setLayout(new BorderLayout());
validate();
setSize(300,300);
setVisible(true);
}
public static void main(String args[])
{
TestFrame tf = new TestFrame();
}
}

Attemping to compile and run the above code

Will cause a compilation error - a Layout cannot be set after a component has been added with a preset Layout Manager.
Will cause a Runtime Exception - a Layout cannot be set after a component has been added with a preset Layout Manager.
Will compile cleanly and throw no runtime Exception. Only the button with label "Center" is visible and occupies the whole screen.
Will compile cleanly an throw no runtime Exception. All the buttons are arranged in a single line. Any other component added in future will follow the rules of the BorderLayout Manager.
Will compile and run cleanly, but no component is visible.
the ans is the 5th. "Will compile and run cleanly, but no component is visible." why???
 
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wei liu
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thanks Jim . your explanation is very helpful.
 
It is sorta covered in the JavaRanch Style Guide.
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