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# How does this print -1

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long lx=0x0FFFFL;
short ly=(short) lx;

System.out.println("The short value here is"+ly);

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Becuase the short value is FFFF and if you convert this Hex value using 2's complement notation it is -1.

Chiran Mathur
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I would appreciate if you can explain this ind details I tried to do this but couldn't get -1.I used 15 for F value.

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The easiest way to understand is that 2's complement is 1's complement + 1. Also the sign of the original number should be preserved. This will gives us :
FFFF = 1111111111111111
1's complement of this = 0000000000000000
Plus 1 will make : 0000000000000001
The original number was negative (1 in the MSB position)
Thanks, Sudd

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This particular area is one that I could use more practice with.
I'd like some type of textbook excercises for this with a brief tutorial.
anyone?

Sudd Ghosh
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This subject can be a little tricky if one is not sure of the rules. But the rules are pretty straightforward.
I think one of the Dietel's "How to program.." book used to have an appendix on Number Systems. I found this section very useful. Or, if you have access to some Digital Electronics book, those will definitely cover the complement arithmetics. (I learnt from one of those in my college years)
Sudd

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