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Exam Prep question re post increment

 
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In Dan Chisholm's Exam # 19, Question 21. I am trying to understand why the last value printed is a 3 instead of a 2. Here is the code:

public class JMM125 {

static int i;

public static void main(String[] args) {
for ( i = 1; i < 3; i++) {
System.out.println(i);}
for (int i = 1; i < 3; i++) {
System.out.println(i);}
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
System.out.println(i);}
System.out.println(JMM125.i);
}

And here is the output:

1
2
1
2
0
1
3

Thank you for any enlightenment,

Sincerely,

JerryB
 
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In the very first for loop, you're modifying the static variable, i. You run through the loop when i = 0, 1, and 2. Then, you increment i to 3, the condition fails, and you exit the loop.

From then on, you are constantly referring to "local" i variables that shadow the static one so, at no point, does the static variable i change value - it remains at 3. Then, when you get to the final line, you spit out the value of the static variable i, which, of course, is 3.
 
Jerry Bustamente
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Thanks Corey!

:-)

JerryB
 
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