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can anyone tell me the correct answer for the following question with explanation

 
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class JMM125 {
static int i;
public static void main(String args[]) {
for (i=1; i<3; i++) {System.out.print(i);} // 1
for (int i=1; i<3; i++) {System.out.print(i);} // 2
int i; // 3
for (i=0; i<2; i++) {System.out.print(i);} // 4
System.out.print(JMM125.i);
}}

What is the result of attempting to compile and run the program?

a. Prints: 1212010
b. Prints: 1212013
c. Compile-time error at line 1
d. Compile-time error at line 2
e. Compile-time error at line 4
f. Run-time error
g. None of the above

why the correct answer is b. 1212013?

thanks in advance
reena
 
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Hi,


first "for" loop is iterating using JMM125.i variable. It prints: "12" (and JMM125.i is set to 3).
Second loop uses loop-local variable and also prints "12". After loop finishes variable is disposed.
Third loop uses variable declared in line //3. It prints "01".
And last line prints value of JMM125.i which is set to 3 at first loop.

As a result 1212013 is printed.

Hope it helps
 
Greenhorn
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Remember always local variable got preference over global varibales.When you say 'i' means it tries to access the local variable 'i' (if it is there!).
 
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What is variable hiding and shadowing?
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