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In K&B book,P158, self test 1): A Has-a relationships always rely on inheritance. B Has-a relationships always rely on instance variables. C Has-a relationships always require at least two class type. D Has-a relations always rely on polymorphism. E Has-a relationship are always tightly coupled.
The given answer is B and I can tell others are obviously wrong. However, In K&B bonus master exam, we have the following question:
A Has-a relationships are, by definition, well encapsulated. B A covariant return requires the existence of a has-a relationship. C Overriding requires the existence of a is-a relationship. D In some cases, is-a relationships are used in the process of autoboxing. E Has-a relationships are always defined with instance variables.
The given answer is C&&D. According to the self test question, I think E is also the right answer. The explanation is that class (static) variables can also be used to define has-a relationships.
Therefore, I think these two question are contradictory to one another. Could anyone help me clear this?
what i think is since static variables and methods are not attached to the instance of class using class object we cannot access static methods or variables......but using the class name we can access static methods or variables may be bcoz of this it is mentioned,HAS a relationship can be defined using static variables of class.
Although what actualy is that HAS-a relationship is defined using instance variables of class.....i too thought E also should be the answer.......
i hope it helps........
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