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hashset

 
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Why thw output is like this ?

import java.util.*;
public class Question26 {
public static void main(String[] args){
Set s1 = new HashSet(3);
Set s2 = new HashSet(3);
s1.add("string 1");
s1.add(null);
s1.add("string 2");
s1.add(null);
s2.add("string 3");
s2.add(null);
s2.add("string 2");
s2.add(null);
s1.retainAll(s2);
System.out.println(s1);
}
}
o/p:
[null,string 2]

can any one explain ...
 
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This is because of the retainAll() which removes any element that is not contained in the specified collection.

s1.retainAll(s2); // remove any element from 's1' that is not contained in 's2'
[ October 03, 2007: Message edited by: Ahmed Yehia ]
 
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Hi swati,

Basically the set doesn't allow duplicate values. So when you add string1,null,string2,null,string3,null the set will contain null,string1,string3,string2(Remeber hashset does not guarantee the order). In your code both s1 and s2 contains only one null object.
That is why you have only one null int he result as it is there in s2 also.

Thanks,
vijaya.
 
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