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please explane me why is it so

 
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Given:
11. static classA {
12. void process() throws Exception { throw new Exception(); }
13. }
14. static class B extends A {
15. void process() { System.out.println(�B �); }
16. }
17. public static void main(String[] args) {
18.A a=new B();
19. a.process();
20.}
What is the result?
A. B
B. The code runs with no output.
C. An exception is thrown at runtime.
D. Compilation fails because of an error in line 15.
E. Compilation fails because of an error in line 18.
F. Compilation fails because of an error in line 19.
Answer: F
 
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The call is using reference of class A. And as per the method definition i.e process method in class A, it throws an Exception. So, while making the call you need to enclose this in try catch blocks.
HTH
 
Rancher
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You need to QuoteYourSources when posting questions like this.
 
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Was this the whole source given? This code works only if present in a well formed class.

It had me confused a bit.
 
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Can we mark a class static like this. I read that only inner nested class could be marked static.
 
Greenhorn
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At compile time there is no way for compiler to know what object the reference variable points to, in this case it may be object of A or object of B. Since you are using reference of class A and the method defined for class a throws exception, compiler will generate error if the exception is not handled or declared.
 
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surely the answer is compilation problem

since the code starts from line 11 and hence we can assume that this is part of a valid class.
 
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