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difference b/w forward & sendRedirect

 
tilak kumar
Greenhorn
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What is the difference between RequestDispatcher.forward(request req,response res)
And response.sencRedirect("url");?
 
Ben Souther
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Posts: 13411
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Send redirect sends a "location" header to the browser.
The browser then initiates a new request.
  • Browser requests page A
  • Server says go look for B
  • Browser requests B
  • Server returns page B

  • The browser knows that it is showing page B.
    The address window will have the URL for page B.


    With forward, the whole process occurs on the server.
  • Browser requests page A
  • Server returns page B

  • As far as the browser knows, its looking at page A.
    The address window in the browser will show the url
    for page A.

    Forward should be a little faster because it doesn't involve the extra round trip (small difference, a redirect only returns the headers). It's useful in an MVC pattern when you want to forward to a JSP (or other web resource) that you wouldn't want the user trying to access directly.

    There are other advantages and disadvantages to both.
    [ March 22, 2005: Message edited by: Ben Souther ]
     
    Poobhathy Kannan
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    In addition to ben

    Redirects can redirect the request off of the local server as well, but forward works only on local server.
     
    kri shan
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    Using RequestDispatcher.forward(request req,response res), can i forward to antoher server (or) within the same server?
     
    Sarath Mohan
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    Hi Kri,

    You can forwad only to resource available in your current web application.
     
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