It is part of my job here at the Ranch to close discussions that are redundant. It is against JavaRanch policy to cross-post the same question in multiple forums as you did, so one of the topics was closed and further discussion directed to this open topic. If you have an issue with this policy you may open a topic in the JavaRanch forum to discuss it. bear JSP Forum Bartender P.S. A google of "Active Script" yielded this definition.