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Huang Crystal
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Posts: 20
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Hi all,
My problem is that I have to link the helpMenuItem to a specified URL, which in turns will launch the system's default web browser. Can anybody help me?
It will be better if there is example.
any help is GREATLY APPRECIATED..
0=),
Crystal
 
Luong Nguyen
Ranch Hand
Posts: 31
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Hi,
You can use Runtime.exec(cmd) method to launch the system's default browser. This is an example:
public class BrowserControl
{
/**
* Display a file in the system browser. If you want to display a
* file, you must include the absolute path name.
*
* @param url the file's url (the url must start with either "http://"
or
* "file://").
*/
public static void displayURL(String url)
{
boolean windows = isWindowsPlatform();
String cmd = null;
try
{
if (windows)
{
// cmd = 'rundll32 url.dll,FileProtocolHandler http://...'
cmd = WIN_PATH + " " + WIN_FLAG + " " + url;
Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
}
else
{
// Under Unix, Netscape has to be running for the "-remote"
// command to work. So, we try sending the command and
// check for an exit value. If the exit command is 0,
// it worked, otherwise we need to start the browser.
// cmd = 'netscape -remote openURL(http://www.javaworld.com)'
cmd = UNIX_PATH + " " + UNIX_FLAG + "(" + url + ")";
Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
try
{
// wait for exit code -- if it's 0, command worked,
// otherwise we need to start the browser up.
int exitCode = p.waitFor();
if (exitCode != 0)
{
// Command failed, start up the browser
// cmd = 'netscape http://www.javaworld.com'
cmd = UNIX_PATH + " " + url;
p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
}
}
catch(InterruptedException x)
{
System.err.println("Error bringing up browser, cmd='" +
cmd + "'");
System.err.println("Caught: " + x);
}
}
}
catch(IOException x)
{
// couldn't exec browser
System.err.println("Could not invoke browser, command=" + cmd);
System.err.println("Caught: " + x);
}
}
/**
* Try to determine whether this application is running under Windows
* or some other platform by examing the "os.name" property.
*
* @return true if this application is running under a Windows OS
*/
public static boolean isWindowsPlatform()
{
String os = System.getProperty("os.name");
if ( os != null && os.startsWith(WIN_ID))
return true;
else
return false;
}
/**
* Simple example.
*/
public static void main(String[] args)
{
displayURL("http://www.javaworld.com");
}

// Used to identify the windows platform.
private static final String WIN_ID = "Windows";
// The default system browser under windows.
private static final String WIN_PATH = "rundll32";
// The flag to display a url.
private static final String WIN_FLAG = "url.dll,FileProtocolHandler";
// The default browser under unix.
private static final String UNIX_PATH = "netscape";
// The flag to display a url.
private static final String UNIX_FLAG = "-remote openURL";
}
 
Huang Crystal
Greenhorn
Posts: 20
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Originally posted by Luong Nguyen:
Hi,
You can use Runtime.exec(cmd) method to launch the system's default browser. This is an example:
public class BrowserControl
{
/**
* Display a file in the system browser. If you want to display a
* file, you must include the absolute path name.
*
* @param url the file's url (the url must start with either "http://"
or
* "file://").
*/
public static void displayURL(String url)
{
boolean windows = isWindowsPlatform();
String cmd = null;
try
{
if (windows)
{
// cmd = 'rundll32 url.dll,FileProtocolHandler http://...'
cmd = WIN_PATH + " " + WIN_FLAG + " " + url;
Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
}
else
{
// Under Unix, Netscape has to be running for the "-remote"
// command to work. So, we try sending the command and
// check for an exit value. If the exit command is 0,
// it worked, otherwise we need to start the browser.
// cmd = 'netscape -remote openURL(http://www.javaworld.com)'
cmd = UNIX_PATH + " " + UNIX_FLAG + "(" + url + ")";
Process p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
try
{
// wait for exit code -- if it's 0, command worked,
// otherwise we need to start the browser up.
int exitCode = p.waitFor();
if (exitCode != 0)
{
// Command failed, start up the browser
// cmd = 'netscape http://www.javaworld.com'
cmd = UNIX_PATH + " " + url;
p = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
}
}
catch(InterruptedException x)
{
System.err.println("Error bringing up browser, cmd='" +
cmd + "'");
System.err.println("Caught: " + x);
}
}
}
catch(IOException x)
{
// couldn't exec browser
System.err.println("Could not invoke browser, command=" + cmd);
System.err.println("Caught: " + x);
}
}
/**
* Try to determine whether this application is running under Windows
* or some other platform by examing the "os.name" property.
*
* @return true if this application is running under a Windows OS
*/
public static boolean isWindowsPlatform()
{
String os = System.getProperty("os.name");
if ( os != null && os.startsWith(WIN_ID))
return true;
else
return false;
}
/**
* Simple example.
*/
public static void main(String[] args)
{
displayURL("http://www.javaworld.com");
}

// Used to identify the windows platform.
private static final String WIN_ID = "Windows";
// The default system browser under windows.
private static final String WIN_PATH = "rundll32";
// The flag to display a url.
private static final String WIN_FLAG = "url.dll,FileProtocolHandler";
// The default browser under unix.
private static final String UNIX_PATH = "netscape";
// The flag to display a url.
private static final String UNIX_FLAG = "-remote openURL";
}

Thanx for the codes..
 
Huang Crystal
Greenhorn
Posts: 20
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Thanx for the codes, Luong Nguyen.
It worked.
0=),
Crystal
 
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