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accessing protected methods from non-derived classes

 
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is it possible, any workaround thro which a protected member of a class can be accessed from non-derived classes?.

Will type casting an object to its class type help in any way?

thanks!!
 
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AFAIK, once a method is declared protected, the only way to access the method from outside its package is through inheritance.

I just might be wrong, though...anyone point me to something that says it can be done otherwise?
 
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Look at setAccessible(true) in java.lang.reflect.Method

This can change the access modifiers on a method using reflection. You can use it to invoke a method that is private or protected.

Geoffrey
 
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How can it be ?
The class.getMethod() function returns only public methods .
Is there any way that we can get the protectected/private methods(instance of java.lang.reflect.Method) to call setAccessible(true).

So I think there is no way that ,we can access protected member from a nonderived class.
 
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Use getDeclaredMethods()in the java.lang.Class

This will returns an array of Method objects reflecting all the methods declared by the class or interface represented by this Class object. This includes public, protected, default (package) access, and private methods, but excludes inherited methods.
 
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Be aware that you are deliberately subverting the original author's design. There is always a chance that he thought things through better than you did. You are adding a dependency to a method that the author expressly said he didn't want you to have and he won't take you into consideration when making future changes. I'd look long and hard for an alternative before putting this kind of thing in production code. There may be a place for this in tests, but even that is debated at times.
 
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just working on this a little, just for checking it out, i made the following code which works fine( and that is scary):

so, building on this, i dared to venture further and put the two classes in two different packages. here is the code:


and the other class in the package "one" is:


this also works fine. but if i change the access modifier of the class one.TryReflect_1_1, then i get the following runtime exception:

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.IllegalAccessException: Class TryReflect_1
can not access a member of class one.TryReflect_1_1 with modifiers ""
at sun.reflect.Reflection.ensureMemberAccess(Reflection.java:57)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance0(Class.java:302)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:261)
at TryReflect_1.main(TryReflect_1.java:16)



yes, one.TryReflect_1_1 has no access modifier which means it is accessible only in the same class, but doing this

Object obj = Class.forName("one.TryReflect_1_1").newInstance();

does not cause an exception, there should be a way of running the above code as well???
 
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Neeraj,

So what you mean by this is if the called method has private modifier and is called from inside the same package, it will work fine. and if that is in different package it won't work.

and yeah obviously what i am talking about is through reflection.

Please do correct me if I am wrong.

Cheers,
Rahul
 
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