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How to print the Output

Posts: 6
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Below shown are the 3 classes, I developed. When I run, I cannot see the output. I am unable to put it in debug also. I am using JBuilder tool for editing, compling & running the code. I am expecting it to print the error message
"Trying to add duplicate Element" which was coded in file
----------------- File --------------------------
package testexamples;
public class Element {
private String name;
public Element(String name) { = name;
public String getName() {
return name;
----------------- File --------------------------
package testexamples;
import java.util.Vector;
public class Set {
private String name;
private Vector elements;
public Set(String name) { = name;
elements = new Vector();
public void addElement(Element el) {
if(! elements.contains( el )) {
else {
System.out.println(" Trying to add Duplicate Element:"+ el);
----------------- File ----------------------
package testexamples;
import java.util.*;
public class ElementTest{
public ElementTest() {
FileOutputStream fos = null;
try {
fos = new FileOutputStream("log.txt");
} catch (Exception e) {
PrintStream ps = new PrintStream(fos);
Element e1 = new Element("e1");
Element e2= new Element("e2");
Element e3= new Element("e3");
Element e4= new Element("e1");
Element e5= new Element("e2");
Set s1= new Set("s1");
Set s2= new Set("s2");
// s2.removeElement(e1);
s2.addElement(e1); // etc ...
// list of the elements in the set
ps.println("Here is the list of the elements");

public void main(String[] args) {
ElementTest elementTest = new ElementTest();
elementTest.invokedStandalone = true;
private boolean invokedStandalone = false;
Posts: 25
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I've got your code to run using Sun's jdk though I had to make a few changes.
My general approach was to identify and resolve errors, removing layers of complexity where necessary. There were several errors and I'm not sure whether your IDE made it hard for you to see them clearly.
I suggest you build up your programs gradually, running and testing as you go. If find it best to prove to myself that a program is working at a simple level before I start adding another level of complexity. That way you don't compound errors and you see immediately if you go off track.
Enough advice. Here's my results. I hope they help you.
Compile errors

  • Set was being confused with java.util.Set in compilation, so I changed your Set to be Sett.
  • The compiler couldn't resolve Element and so, not being a great expert in packages I simply removed your package statements, which made all the classes part of the same default package.

  • Runtime errors

    • Added "static" to the declaration of main in so java could run it.
    • Removed your infinite loop: while(true);

    • That's all I remember changing.
      Here's the output.
      log.txt contains:

      Here is the list of the elements

      Console output:

      Trying to add Duplicate Element:Element@4672d0
      Trying to add Duplicate Element:Element@4672d0

      Here's my modifed version of your source code.

Madhu Jannu
Posts: 6
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Thank u Greg. I will consider u'r suggestions.
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