# Why does 8 equal 8.5?

Kevin Tysen

Ranch Hand

Posts: 255

posted 10 years ago

Part of the program I'm writing looks like this:

int counter

// lines that set the value of counter to 17

if ((counter/2)==((int)(counter/2))){

return true;

}else{

return false;

}

I get a return of true. It seems to me that counter/2 should equal 8.5 and that (int) (counter/2) should equal 8 and that 8.5 and 8 are not equal. Why do I get a return value of true?

This is the way I find out if an integer is divisible by two. I've been programming in BASIC all my life and recently tried out java. Is there a better way in java to find out if an integer is divisible by another integer?

int counter

// lines that set the value of counter to 17

if ((counter/2)==((int)(counter/2))){

return true;

}else{

return false;

}

I get a return of true. It seems to me that counter/2 should equal 8.5 and that (int) (counter/2) should equal 8 and that 8.5 and 8 are not equal. Why do I get a return value of true?

This is the way I find out if an integer is divisible by two. I've been programming in BASIC all my life and recently tried out java. Is there a better way in java to find out if an integer is divisible by another integer?

Max Habibi

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Campbell Ritchie

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Posts: 50666

83

posted 10 years ago

There are

There are

Basic is [or at least, was] an un-typed language; if you have x = 3, then it just takes x as a number, without checking whether you want it to be a "real" number, ie one with a decimal point in, or an integer. Java is strongly typed; you have to tell the compiler what format

And as for 8.5, the rules of integer arithmetic were the same in the 1970s as they are nowadays, and one of them is that integer division returns an integer result, not a fractional result. Try it out: using integer arithmetic work out 7 / 2 * 2, then 7 * 2 / 2.

And there is no need for the if statements. All you have to do is write

It will work out

CR

**Five**arithmetic operators in Basic, or at least there were when I last programmed Basic back in the 1970s [ ], namely +-*/ and **, but you could use ^ instead of **.There are

**Five**arithmetic operators in Java, which are +-*/ and**%**.**%**returns the remainder when you divide one number by another. Try that.Basic is [or at least, was] an un-typed language; if you have x = 3, then it just takes x as a number, without checking whether you want it to be a "real" number, ie one with a decimal point in, or an integer. Java is strongly typed; you have to tell the compiler what format

**every**variable takes; if it is an integer, you have to say so.And as for 8.5, the rules of integer arithmetic were the same in the 1970s as they are nowadays, and one of them is that integer division returns an integer result, not a fractional result. Try it out: using integer arithmetic work out 7 / 2 * 2, then 7 * 2 / 2.

And there is no need for the if statements. All you have to do is write

It will work out

*true*and*false*for you.CR