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Difference between Private and Final

 
Greenhorn
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Hi all,
I am confused abt the use of Final and private keyword in java.
Are both use to prevent overridding??
 
author and iconoclast
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The purpose of "private" is to promote encapsulation. Member variables should almost always be private; class A should not be trying to touch the member data of class B.

"final" has a few different meanings. Applied to a variable, it prevents changes to the variable after initialization, making it a "constant." Applied to a method, it does, indeed, prevent overriding. Applied to a class, it prevents the class from being extended. All of these meanings have something in common: they allow the programmer to have fairly strong beliefs about the value or purpose of something. If you know a class can never be extended, then you know for sure how an instance of the class will behave -- you know you're not dealing with a subclass that changes something, since you know no subclasses can exist. This helps with both engineering and security.
[ September 05, 2006: Message edited by: Ernest Friedman-Hill ]
 
Ranch Hand
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Hi all,
This is about final/private in methods only.

final does not allow overriding of methods. If you do, you'll get a compiler error.

private methods are not visible outside their classes. So when you extend a class, you can give a method the same declaration as in the upper class. It is a redefinition (no override!) with no relation to the upper class method.
Especially no polymorphism.
Example



The bar method is only necessary to call foo from outside its class.


Outputs 3* ALPHA
Remove the private (-> default public or protected) and you'll have polymophic output.
make it final (in class Alpha), you'll get a compiler error in class Beta.


Yours,
Bu.



ps: upper class methods can also be wearing large hats at a horse race or polo match.
 
Naty wills
Greenhorn
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Thanks a lot for prompt answers..
Now all my doubts are cleared..
 
Ranch Hand
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This explanation helped a lot.
 
Greenhorn
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difference between private and final method helped a lot. Thank you.
 
Marshal
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Welcome to the Ranch

It is nice to think that these old posts can still be useful.
 
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