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aggregate initialization

 
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What is aggregate initialization of array? I have tried to search the web for this but could not really figure out what this term refers to.



All objects of non-primitive types can be created only via new. There�s no equivalent to creating non-primitive objects "on the stack" as in C++. All primitive types can be created only on the stack, without new. There are wrapper classes for all primitive classes so that you can create equivalent heap-based objects via new. (Arrays of primitives are a special case: they can be allocated via aggregate initialization as in C++, or by using new.)



Thanks.
 
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int[] array = {1,2,3} ?
 
Joseph Sweet
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I don't know. I guessed that's what it means.
Is array on the heap?
Are those three int's on the stack now?

How do you create this array by new?

Thanks.
 
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It's just a convenient short-hand. Nothing magic happens. It's basically the same as new-ing an array, then filling in the entries.

Maybe the "aggregate initialisation" version generates more efficient byte-code; I dunno and won't be trying it myself. Anyone want to compare the byte-code?
 
Joseph Sweet
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So is this array of int's on the heap?
 
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Yes, it's an array on the heap



Declares an int array reference variable with name array
Creates an int array with a length of three elements
populates the array's elements with value 1,2,3
Assigns the array object to the variable array

The array object will be created on the heap.
 
Joseph Sweet
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Thank you.

Are reference variables located on the stack? I mean the reference itself (~the pointer), not the address where it points to, which is in the heap.
 
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