My apollogies if this has been asked before and I did do a brief search...On the mock exam provided here: http://www.headfirstlabs.com/books/hfsvlt/HFServlets_Mock_Exam_1st_Ed.pdf On question 6 they have e. as an incorrect response. When you scroll down to see the explanation it reads "only <jsp eclaration> syntax is valid." I am now confused because I am looking at a JSP I used <%! %> to declare a member variable and it seems to compile just fine for me. Where is my misunderstanding?