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schema defaultNamespace or targetNamespace?

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I am confused with meaning of default namespace and targetNamespace in XML schema.

In the below example the default namespace is and I have declared 2 elements Employee and Address. I have NOT provided the targetNamespace. The schema validation is failing when i try to refer the Address element from Employee, it is asking either define targetNamespace or remove defaultnamespace.

Can anyone please explain me the reason behind this?

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:xs=""; xmlns="" elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">
<xs:element name="Employee">
<xs:documentation>Comment describing your root element</xs:documentation>
<xs:element name="Name">
<xs:restriction base="xs:string">
<xs:maxLength value="10"/>
<xs:element ref="Adress"/>
<xs:element name="Adress">
<xs:element name="Address1" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="Address2" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="City" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="PinCode" type="xs:int"/>

Thanks in advance.

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