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why variables inside interface has to final  RSS feed

 
Ranch Hand
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Variables inside interfaces has to be public static and final. public because anything inside interface has to be visible to outside world. static because we cannot instantiate interface. but why it has to final ??
 
Ranch Hand
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Hi Shivendra
Looking on the Java Website it says:

In the Java programming language, an interface is a reference type, similar to a class, that can contain only constants, method signatures, and nested types. There are no method bodies. Interfaces cannot be instantiated—they can only be implemented by classes or extended by other interfaces


The pertinent bit of the above quote is where it mentions constants.
If in your interface you didn't use 'final' then it would be possible to change the value of the object when ever you felt like it, therefore you would be storing a variable rather than a constant.
 
shivendra tripathi
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Thanks for reply James,

I know that interface can contain only constant that's why we make variable as static final. My question is why only contants are allowed.


therefore you would be storing a variable rather than a constant.



I am afraid I couldn't understand your above above mentioned statement.
 
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Well, I suppose if you allowed variables and not just constants, then it wouldn't be an interface. If you want to change the values of variables use variables defined inside a class. Interface exists for a certain reason, and variables is not part of that reason, variables within interfaces don't really add anything to the picture. Think of the reasons why you use interfaces, and ask yourself if you can see a situation where it would make your life as a programmer easier if interfaces included variables.

 
Greenhorn
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I'm wondering if it's even necessary to allow constants. Joshua Bloch dont think so.

Use interfaces only to define types
 
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Let me put forward a simple example :


 
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Shortly, interface is a specification. it can not contain any implementations
 
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interfaces are used in java to impose or to provide some functionality to the user.

means if want to force user to do something which will be helpful for user only or to stenderzie the code for all we will develop interfaces.

so anything we will write inside the interface is to provide flexibility for the users at the same time to maintain uniqueness among the code we have the things inside the interface which user can user for flexibility but can't modify to achieve the uniqueness in the code architecture.

so because of this only by default member variables are final in an interface...

you can use but can't be able to change the value.....

interfaces are something like propretry softwares you can use the things but can't change the things.
 
It is sorta covered in the JavaRanch Style Guide.
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