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Error using Struts Messages

 
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Hi
I am following the Struts tutorial by Stephen Wiesner . Am just trying to use the bean:message tag in my JSP . But am getting the following error:
- The server encountered an internal error () that prevented it from fulfilling this request.
- org.apache.jasper.JasperException: Cannot find message resources under key org.apache.struts.action.MESSAGE
Note:
My JSP:
##############################################
<%@ page language="java" %>
<%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld" prefix="bean" %>
<%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld" prefix="html" %>
<%@ taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld" prefix="logic" %>
<html:html locale="true">
<head>
<title><bean:message key="index.title"/></title>
<html:base/>
</head>
<body>
<h2>Book View in body</h2><BR>
<bean:message key="index.title"/>
<bean:message key="kausik.title"/>
</body>
</html:html>
#################################################
web.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>
<!DOCTYPE web-app
PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.2//EN"
"http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/web-app_2_2.dtd">
<web-app>
<servlet>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>application</param-name>
<param-value>applicationResources</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>config</param-name>
<param-value>/WEB-INF/struts-config.xml</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>debug</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>detail</param-name>
<param-value>2</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>validate</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<!-- Standard Action Servlet Mapping -->
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>action</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>invoker</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>/servlet/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>
<!-- Welcome file list -->
<welcome-file-list>
<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
</welcome-file-list>
<!-- Struts Tag Library Descriptor -->
<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-bean.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>
<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>
<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-logic.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>
<taglib>
<taglib-uri>/WEB-INF/struts-template.tld</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/struts-template.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>
</web-app>
#################################################
struts_config.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts-config
PUBLIC "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.1//EN"
"http://jakarta.apache.org/struts/dtds/struts-config_1_1.dtd">

<struts-config></struts-config>
#################################################
Can anyone please help me overcoem this problem. It is very frustrating to get stuck at the initial stages of a tutorial.
Thanks
Kausik
 
"The Hood"
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Moving to the Struts forum (Frameworks).
 
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You should have a file in your directory hierarchy called 'applicationResources.properties' and it should have a line in it something like:

along with whatever else you want to include. You should place this file according to the 'application' tag in your web.xml, in yours there is no package prefixing it so the file should be put at the same level as the 'org' and 'com' directories, in WEB-INF/classes within your web application.
HTH.
[ May 02, 2003: Message edited by: George Brown ]
 
Gerome Kawa
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Hi George Brown
Thanks for th suggestion. The application resources file is in the proper place (As you mentioned).(Note: i am following the Struts tutorial by Stephan Weisner). But I am still getting the problem.
Any meaningful suggestion will be appreciated.
Cheers
Kausik
 
Greenhorn
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> struts_config.xml
I'm not sure if this was a typo or not, but your this should be struts-config.xml
Also you should insert the following line into your struts-config.xml:
<message-resources parameter="package.ApplicationResources" />
 
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May I know where to find Stephen Wiesner's tutorial examples?
 
Greenhorn
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Originally posted by JiaPei Jen:
May I know where to find Stephen Wiesner's tutorial examples?


Stephen Wiesner's tutorial is here in pdf format: Struts Tutorial
Good luck.
 
JiaPei Jen
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Bruno, thanks a lot for the information.
 
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