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Why am I permitted to assign a plain ArrayList() to a List<String> ?

 
Edward Winchester
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Here's the code that compiles ok but fails at runtime:



I'm from a C++ STL background where the above is simply not allowed because the compiler cannot guarantee that entries in list are of type String. The for() loop failes with a ClassCastException. Just wondering why the Java language is designed to permit the assignment?

Thanks,

PUK
 
Campbell Ritchie
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It doesn't compile OK. Surely you will have had warning messages saying "recompile with -Xlint"? If you get that sort of warning, it is a sign that the compiler cannot assure you of something (in this case type safety). If that sort of thing were prohibited any Java1.0 to Java1.4.2 code which is reused in a new application would fail to compile and you would "break" the old code.
 
Edward Winchester
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Campbell Ritchie wrote:It doesn't compile OK. Surely you will have had warning messages saying "recompile with -Xlint"? If you get that sort of warning, it is a sign that the compiler cannot assure you of something (in this case type safety). If that sort of thing were prohibited any Java1.0 to Java1.4.2 code which is reused in a new application would fail to compile and you would "break" the old code.


I've been using Netbeans 6.7.1 IDE and just hit F6 to run. There was no compilation errors appearing using this method.

However, clicking "Clean and Build" (i.e. not running) does indeed show me the "Recompile with -Xlint:unchecked for details" message.

Looks like I need to be careful to build separately to ensure I can see the any compilation errors and that I'm not doing something silly.

Many thanks!

Ed
 
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