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Question regarding protected modifier

 
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Hiii
My question is that suppose there is a class A in one package and a class B which is in another package..
Class B can access the protected instance variables of A through inheritance (without an object of A )that i know..
But can class B not access the protected member functions of A through inheritance???
Please clarify i am having doubt...
 
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What happened when you tried it??
 
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But can class B not access the protected member functions of A through inheritance???



I dont understand this ?
 
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A member variable or method that is protected can be accessed by the class in which it is defined itself, in classes that are in the same package as the class, and in subclasses of the class (also if such a subclass is in another package).
 
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It can access both the Instance variables and Methods of class A. In a nutshell, it can access the Members(Instance variables and Methods) of class A (if they are protected).
 
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In few words:

protected = package + kids

package = in the same package, protected behaves as public,
kids = in another package, access is possible only through inheritance.

Think of a rich man who wants to donate (his protected goods). He says:
Ok, my family (the same package) should receive. In addition, if I meet another person not belonging to my family (other package), only his kids should participate, as well (I say, only the kids - because it's unlikely that they'll disabuse my money drinking too much *lol)

Here a quick code example:



Hope this helps!
 
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Briefly, if class B extends class A, it can access A's protected
members even if B is in a different package.

Jim ... ...
 
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ujjawal rohra wrote:Hiii
My question is that suppose there is a class A in one package and a class B which is in another package..
Class B can access the protected instance variables of A through inheritance (without an object of A )that i know..
But can class B access the protected member functions of A through inheritance???
Please clarify i am having doubt...



Class B can access A's instance variables or its member functions only through inheritance! Otherwise Compilation Error!
 
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Dear Ujjwal,

Protected members, be it methods or variables are accessible through inheritance only, if the child class is outside the
package. For other classes, they are like, they don't even exist.

Best Regards,
 
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Prithvi Sehgal wrote:Protected members, be it methods or variables are accessible through inheritance only, if the child class is outside the
package. For other classes, they are like, they don't even exist.



From the JavaDoc...

6.6.2 Details on protected Access

A protected member or constructor of an object may be accessed from outside the package in which it is declared only by code that is responsible for the implementation of that object.



Basically, in the case where a subclass wants to access the protected members of the super class, via a reference that is not the "this" reference -- and the subclass is not in the same package as the super class -- it can only do so, if it can be confirmed that the object IS-A sub class. This means that the superclass member can be accessed, if the referenced used is of a type subclass.

Henry
 
Prithvi Sehgal
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Excellent explanation Henry.

Best Regards
 
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