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Employee class - Abastract Vs Interface

 
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public class Employee {

public static void main(String args[]) {

String name;
String deptName;
String address;

}

}

If i want to access particular employees department for example employee.getDepartment() which design approach is better ? (Abstract / Interface)
 
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Why the class Employee now it's not good for you?

Usually we use Abstract or Interface when we will have more class with comum subject.

Like, List.

We have interface List and "sub classes" like, LinkedList, ArrayList....

If you wont have any other class such as Employee, why creating one of those?
 
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Just so you're aware, the posted code isn't really doing anything--it declares some local variables in a static main method, which is a lot different than an employee class with properties.

That said, the question doesn't really make any sense as it stands: just an interface won't give you what you want--interfaces define a *contract* (in Java's limited way) but provide no implementation. An abstract class comes closer. Which is "better" depends entirely on your needs, and the two are not mutually exclusive. You could have an Employee interface that defines a contract, and an abstract (or concrete) class that implements that interface.
 
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so for so i know
abstract and interface can't have main method because you can't instantiate them.
 
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akhter wahab wrote: . . . abstract . . . can't have main method because you can't instantiate them.

I think that is incorrect. Try it.
 
akhter wahab
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Sorry for the worng info dear thats why i wrote so for so .....

i tried it


but i really don't understand for what we should use this ??? can you please explain it why we use main method in the abstract class
 
David Newton
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You probably wouldn't.
 
Campbell Ritchie
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It's not a case of whether one would use it, but whether one can use it. Put a main method into that abstract class with a System.out.println("In abstract main method.); call in, and run it and see what happens.
 
akhter wahab
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some one said me that i am instantiating this abstract class anonymously ......... is it? and as i know if we are not creating the reference than it is anonymous but i have NewClass Reference as c in this code
 
David Newton
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A subclass of NewClass is still a NewClass.
 
Campbell Ritchie
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akhter wahab wrote:some one said me that i am instantiating this abstract class anonymously

I believe I was that "someone".
 
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it create new Class which extends that abstract class , you can create object of abstract class anonymously ,until you don't have any abstract method in your abstract class..
 
Campbell Ritchie
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Yes, writing {}; provides a class body which implements all the abstract methods you don't have. You can provide anything you like in an anonymous class, except a constructor.
 
akhter wahab
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ravindra patil wrote:it create new Class which extends that abstract class , you can create object of abstract class anonymously ,until you don't have any abstract method in your abstract class..



hey we can make anonymous object of abstract class even it have abstract method too i tried this

 
akhter wahab
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Campbell Ritchie wrote:

akhter wahab wrote:some one said me that i am instantiating this abstract class anonymously

I believe I was that "someone".


yup you are the someone


Campbell Ritchie wrote:Yes, writing {}; provides a class body which implements all the abstract methods you don't have. You can provide anything you like in an anonymous class, except a constructor.


thanks for such a valuable information for me i got it
 
Campbell Ritchie
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You're welcome
 
kri shan
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Whether abstract class are really needed ? We can control the object creation/instantiation of the class thru private constructor(not only thru abstract class). Interface is kind of abstract base class.
 
David Newton
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Sure, they're needed, if you want to provide any implementation. Control of object creation doesn't have anything (or at least not very much?) to do with it.
 
kri shan
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if you want to provide any implementation

means providing non abstract method implementation in the abstract base class?
 
David Newton
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Correct!
 
Don't get me started about those stupid light bulbs.
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