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do not understand code that creation and definition of a class are combined together.  RSS feed

 
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The following code is presented in a book.
I do not understand the code between the line A and B, specifically creation (by "new") and definition of a class are combined together.
I usually see code that the class is defined first, then it is created (by "new") later.
Is there a name for this style of coding?
 
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See...

http://download.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/javaOO/nested.html

Or you can google for "anonymous inner class".

Henry
 
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Typically, when a class is created, the keyword "new" is followed by a constructor call, and that's the end of the line.

An anonymous inner class adds a class body immediately after the constructor. Note that the end-of-line semicolon is still required!

The resulting instance is a type that has no name (and is therefore anonymous) but is a subclass of the named constructor. The reference is upcast to the constructor type. And due to polymorphism, the instance will behave according to the anonymous class definition.

(Note: Because the anonymous class is a subtype that is overriding methods, an abstract class or interface can be used as the supertype.)
 
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