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what is the use of getters and setters?

 
Karthikeyan Ramaswamy
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Posts: 42
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Hi all,

i have a doubt, In below class

class employeeVO {

private String name;

public void setName(String name)
{
this.name=name;
}

public String getName()
{
return name;
}

}

We are using POJO class like this, but why we are keeping variable scope as private,
In setter & getter we are not doing anything, then we can keep variable as public & directly access like
below right.

employee empObj = new employee();
empObj.name = "Test"
String name = empObj.name

what is the intention behind to keep variable scope as private ?

 
Seetharaman Venkatasamy
Ranch Hand
Posts: 5575
Eclipse IDE Java Windows XP
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Karthikeyan Ramaswamy wrote:
what is the intention behind to keep variable scope as private ?

because allowing a user to change the instance field of a class is not a good Idea.

reason: working with method is easier than fields.
1. suppose you want to apply a common logic[synchronize etc...] when ever user set some value into the field.
2. importantly, instance variable dont have polymorphic behavior.
<edit>
3. setObject and getObject are more expressive than object.instanceVar = and = object.instanceVar
</edit>
 
santosh joshi
Greenhorn
Posts: 21
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For providing data Encapsulation.
 
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