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overriding hashcode and equals method internal work flow

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any body explain to me overriding hashcode and equals methods
in collections especially.

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

public class Employee {

int empid;
String empname;
static Employee e1, e2;

Employee(int id, String name) {
empid = id;
empname = name;

public static void main(String[] args) {
e1 = new Employee(12, "lod");
e2 = new Employee(12, "lod");

boolean a;
Set hs = new HashSet();
a = hs.add(e1);
a = hs.add(e2);


public int hashCode() {

return empid;

public boolean equals(Object o) {

if (e1.empid == e2.empid) {
return true;
} else {
return false;


please any one explain this hashcode ovveriding and equals method internally how it will excute. and also which method executes first, here i used only 2 elements if i want for more than 3 elements how to write.

hashcode ovveridden means unique hashcodes are providing based on body implemention and improves retriving the elements.

here i written in hashcode body return empid means based on empid it will return hashcode for that object or some other else.
if writing instead of empid, 55 what is the meaning of this.and getting output same. and also what is the workflow behind these.

please let me know as soon as possible
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when you call set.add() method it internally calls first equals method and compare present object hashcode with previous objects hashcode. by default for every object hashcode is it will accept duplicates.


now if you dont want to allow duplicates in your hashset you have to over ride equals and hashcode. what it means duplicate object?
if object contains same values then it is duplicate.
in your example you override hashcode with id. but if id and name is equals then it is duplicate. so you have to override hashcode with every value of that object.
for your example

if you want to add more objects in set better to create separate bean class with setter and getter methods. and create object for that class and add values and add each object to set. and over ride hashcode and equals method

and java bean class

in this case i validated if object contains same values for id and name and designation that is duplicate.if you want you can validate using only name or id or designation

please visit my java site for more info
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