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# operators

matt love
Ranch Hand
Posts: 67
from K & B book page 417:

Would someone explain to me how this breaks down, that is, how to approach solving it:

(x > 4 && x < 8)

Thanks.

Matt

Dan Drillich
Ranch Hand
Posts: 1183
&& says -

false && false -> false
false && true -> false
true && false -> false
true && true ->

So, in this case it would return true when x is bigger than 4 and lower than 8, false otherwise.

Regards,
Dan

matt love
Ranch Hand
Posts: 67
Thanks Dan.

So, it sounds like your saying (x > 4 && x < 8) is the same as ((x > 4) && (x < 8))?

Without parentheses it would seem to me if you evaluate left to right, you'd evaluate "x > 4", let's say true, then evaluate "true && x" where x is some int and you'd get a compiler error because an int does not resolve to a boolean. Where do I go haywire?

Thanks.

Matt

Dan Drillich
Ranch Hand
Posts: 1183
Hi Matt, it's about Operator Precedence.

< and > take precedence over &&.

Regards,
Dan

Matthew Brown
Bartender
Posts: 4568
9
There's an order of precedence of operators in Java (and most other languages). Operators with higher precedence get applied first regardless of the order they appear - unless you use brackets to force a particular order.

For a possibly more familiar example, what would you expect (1 + 2*3) to be? The * has higher precedence than +, so it's 7, not 9.

Another example: = is actually an operator. If it wasn't for the rules of precedence, something as straightforward as x = a + 1 really wouldn't do what you'd expect (think about what the effect is if you applied that left-to-right).

See http://docs.oracle.com/javase/tutorial/java/nutsandbolts/operators.html for the full rules of precedence.

As a rule, though, when writing code if you have any confusion as to what the order will be, add brackets to make it clearer, even if they aren't strictly needed.