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A problem with classes

 
Steve Haggan
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I hope someone can provide me with some pointers as to what I am doing wrong.
I am trying to write a program using methods in a class that will take what an item cost, take what the customer used to pay for it and then give the appropriate change out in quarters, dimes, nickels and pennies.
My code is this


For starters I think I have too many instance variables and when I run the program it tells me how many quarters I need to give back to the customer but then it has all the other coins as 0.
Any tips on what I have done wrong would be most welcome.

 
fred rosenberger
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The first thing I'd do is put some System.out.println() statements in the getDimes() method. Print out all the variables at the beginning of the method.

Print out what newdimes is after you calculate it. print out what dimes is inside your method, just before you return it.

I'd comment out the getNickels and getPennies methods (or at least the call to it) until the getDimes works. Once it does work, then fix getNickels before you worry about getPennies.
 
Steve Haggan
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fred rosenberger wrote:The first thing I'd do is put some System.out.println() statements in the getDimes() method. Print out all the variables at the beginning of the method.

Print out what newdimes is after you calculate it. print out what dimes is inside your method, just before you return it.

I'd comment out the getNickels and getPennies methods (or at least the call to it) until the getDimes works. Once it does work, then fix getNickels before you worry about getPennies.

Ok, so I have commented out all the method calls bar getQuarters and getDimes and did some System.out.println() statement
Paid = 10 which seems fine
owed = 4.12 again fine
newquarters in the getQuarters method works out at 5.88
I have cast newquarters/quarters_value in the getQuarters method and that returns 23, which is correct

However when I then go into the getDimes method and print out the values of newquarters%quarter_value it tells me that newquarters is now 0.0.
How is this so, I have declared newquarters as an instance variable in the class, should the value not remain at 5.88 which is what it was in the previous method?
 
Joe Ridener
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Youve made logic and syntax errors throughout your code.
Look...



Above is after I tinkered with the quarters method. Do you see the dimes return for change? It has a floating point value. Yet represents a variable that is while and best expressed with an integer value. I made some changes to your code. I admit I did not track the flow of execution perfectly .. so things such as the math could still be off. Look at the adjustments I have made to the quarters method in my code, as opposed to yours.

It is not that you created to many variables but you declared a new field variable within the quarters method. I removed the keyword double and allowed the instance variable to take the difference of the first statement in the method. Field variables will override instance variables for a period before they are destroyed. So that value...was not retained once the method was exited. That would be the syntax error. The other.. you need to remove those digits to the right of the decimal becuase they are messing up arithmetic operations that follow. Remove them by casting to int like I did in the quarters method. Good Luck!

 
fred rosenberger
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to emphasize the point (using line numbers from your original post):

on line 3, you have this:
private double newquarters;

On line 33, you have this:
double newquarters = (paid-owed);

You have declared a NEW variable named newquarters inside your method. This masks the instance variable. So within your method, you declare it, set it to something, use it, and then it drops out of scope. the newquarters instance variable is never set to anything.
 
Steve Haggan
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I appreciate your help guys, I will see if I can fix it.
 
Winston Gutkowski
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Steve Haggan wrote:Any tips on what I have done wrong would be most welcome.

Apart from all the good advice you've been given, I have one other general tip: Don't use doubles.

Simply put: they are not exact (or rather, they may not be exact); and you may find your program coming up with odd results even when you have all the logic working.

My advice: make them ints and base your arithmetic on pennies, not dollars, eg:
private static final int quarters_value = 25;

Or, if you really feel you must work in dollars, use BigDecimal rather than double.

For more information, read this.

Winston
 
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