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difference between Arraylist declarations

 
Greenhorn
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Can anyone please explain the these two types of ArrayList declarations as follows:

ArrayList<String> locationCells;

and

ArrayList<String> locationCells= new ArrayList<String>();;
 
Ranch Hand
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Both declarations declare "locationCell" to be an ArrayList which can contain String. The first is not initialized and is "null" (things like "locationCells.size()" won't work => NullPointerException), the second is initialized and can be used.
 
Marshal
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Also, you could see declaration like:
 
Java Cowboy
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Christian Dillinger wrote:The first is not initialized and is "null" ...


Only if the variable is a member variable of a class, and not a local variable in a method.

Member variables are implicitly initialized to null. Local variables must be initialized, and if you don't and you try to use the variable, you'll get an error from the compiler.
 
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