OCAJP 8 study guide Chapter 1 Review questions 16 Have trouble understanding the answer D

Gem Wang
Greenhorn
Posts: 4

A. int amount = 9L;
B. int amount = 0b101;
C. int amount = 0xE;
D. double amount = 0xE;
E. double amount = 1_2_.0_0;
F. int amount = 1_2_;
G. None of the above.

The right answer is BCD. I don't understand why D is right. I think binary, hexadecimal, octal are all for integers....... Is float amount = 0x18Ef right then? What about short amount = 0xF? byte amount = 0xE? long amount = 0xEL? double amount = 0xE.12F?(F doesn't mean float here, this is a confusing point also) float amount = 0x18E。134f？

Any help will be appreciated!

Roel De Nijs
Sheriff
Posts: 10662
144
Hi Gem Wang,

First of all, a warm welcome to CodeRanch!

Gem Wang wrote:I think binary, hexadecimal, octal are all for integers.

You are correct! Integer literals can be expressed by one of these number systems: binary, decimal, octal, and hexadecimal. And that's exactly what happens in option D You have a variable amount (of type double) and you have the value 0xE. Every literal representing an integral number is by default considered to be an int (if the literal ends with the letter L or l, it is a long). So this value is an int literal and thus allowed to be expressed in hexadecimal. When this value is assigned to the variable amount, the value is widened from int to double.

Gem Wang wrote:Is float amount = 0x18Ef right then? What about short amount = 0xF? byte amount = 0xE? long amount = 0xEL? double amount = 0xE.12F?(F doesn't mean float here, this is a confusing point also) float amount = 0x18E。134f?

You can easily verify yourself if these statements are allowed or not. You could create a small code snippet similar with this oneWhen executed this code snippet will print "14 237 237,000000 239,000000 14". line1 gives a compiler error, because you try to express a floating-point literal in hexadecimal which is not allowed.

Hope it helps!
Kind regards,
Roel

Gem Wang
Greenhorn
Posts: 4
Hi Roel,

Thank you so much for your explanation. You have been really helpful!! And I will definitely put code tag next time. Good to know!
I appreciate the help from you and Jeanne!

Thanks!
Gem

Roel De Nijs
Sheriff
Posts: 10662
144
Gem Wang wrote:And I will definitely put code tag next time. Good to know!

Awesome Thanks!