To get the ball rolling, I'm going to post a few things about Visual Basic as I (re)learn this language. One thing about its current incarnation that stands out is a strong structural similarity to Java. They aren't transliteral, but there's a lot of overlap. Enough, in fact, that Frederik Zipp successfully listed the basic elements of each language in two parallel columns, creating a kind of cheat sheet (or, better, a two-language Rosetta Stone). With this, if you know one language, you'll have a jump start on the other.
I'm attaching Herr Zipp's .pdf version, but you can also see it online. (It's also online in German.)
Note: His sheet says, "The IsNot operator is patented by Microsoft." That appears to be overstated. In 2004, Microsoft applied for a patent on the IsNot operator, which caused something of a stir. However, it appears to me that the US Patent and Trademark Office dismissed the application in 2007 when Microsoft neglected to respond to the Office's request for some information. If you're curious, you can read the patent application to see what Microsoft thought it had invented.