I have a java program which creates 3 threads. I am trying to print thread names from 1-100 by assigning priorities but i am getting jumbled output. I want the thread1 to run first to completion , then thread thread2 and so on. My code is:

I am getting following output:

first 0

Second 1

Third 1

Second 2

first 1

Second 3

Third 2

Second 4

first 2

Second 5

Third 3

Second 6

first 3

Second 7

Third 4

Second 8

first 4

Second 9

Third 5

Second 10

first 5

Second 11

Third 6

Second 12

first 6

Second 13

Third 7

Second 14

first 7

Second 15

Third 8

Second 16

first 8

Second 17

Third 9

Second 18

first 9

Second 19

Third 10

Second 20

first 10

Second 21

Third 11

Second 22

first 11

Second 23

Third 12

Second 24

first 12

Second 25

Third 13

Second 26

first 13

Second 27

Third 14

Second 28

first 14

Second 29

Third 15

Second 30

first 15

Second 31

Third 16

Second 32

first 16

Second 33

Third 17

Second 34

first 17

Second 35

Third 18

Second 36

first 18

Second 37

Third 19

Second 38

first 19

Second 39

Third 20

Second 40

first 20

Second 41

Third 21

Second 42

first 21

Second 43

Third 22

Second 44

first 22

Second 45

Third 23

Second 46

first 23

Second 47

Third 24

Second 48

first 24

Second 49

Third 25

Second 50

first 25

Second 51

Third 26

Second 52

first 26

Second 53

Third 27

Second 54

first 27

Second 55

Third 28

Second 56

first 28

Second 57

Third 29

Second 58

first 29

Second 59

Third 30

Second 60

first 30

Second 61

Third 31

Second 62

first 31

Second 63

Third 32

Second 64

first 32

Second 65

Third 33

Second 66

first 33

Second 67

Third 34

Second 68

first 34

Second 69

Third 35

Second 70

Second 71

first 35

Second 72

Third 36

Second 73

first 36

Second 74

Third 37

Second 75

first 37

Second 76

Third 38

Second 77

first 38

Second 78

Third 39

Second 79

first 39

Second 80

Third 40

Second 81

first 40

Second 82

Third 41

Second 83

first 41

Second 84

Third 42

Second 85

first 42

Second 86

Third 43

Second 87

first 43

Second 88

Third 44

Second 89

first 44

Second 90

Third 45

Second 91

first 45

Second 92

Third 46

Second 93

first 46

Second 94

Third 47

Second 95

first 47

Second 96

Third 48

Second 97

first 48

Second 98

Third 49

Second 99

first 49

Third 50

first 50

Third 51

first 51

Third 52

first 52

Third 53

first 53

Third 54

first 54

Third 55

first 55

Third 56

first 56

Third 57

first 57

Third 58

first 58

Third 59

first 59

Third 60

first 60

Third 61

first 61

Third 62

first 62

Third 63

first 63

Third 64

first 64

Third 65

first 65

Third 66

first 66

Third 67

first 67

Third 68

first 68

Third 69

first 69

Third 70

first 70

Third 71

first 71

Third 72

first 72

Third 73

first 73

Third 74

first 74

Third 75

first 75

Third 76

first 76

Third 77

first 77

Third 78

first 78

Third 79

first 79

Third 80

first 80

Third 81

first 81

Third 82

first 82

Third 83

first 83

Third 84

first 84

Third 85

first 85

Third 86

first 86

Third 87

first 87

Third 88

first 88

Third 89

first 89

Third 90

first 90

Third 91

first 91

Third 92

first 92

Third 93

first 93

Third 94

first 94

Third 95

first 95

Third 96

first 96

Third 97

first 97

Third 98

first 98

Third 99

first 99

Some body please guide me.

Zulfi.

Zulfi Khan wrote:Hi,

I have a java program which creates 3 threads. I am trying to print thread names from 1-100 by assigning priorities but i am getting jumbled output. I want the thread1 to run first to completion , then thread thread2 and so on.

By its very definition, threads are asynchronous, and you only have limited ability to give "hints" to the JVM as to the precedence of each thread. Why are you trying to use threads at all?

You have the right to remain sentient. If you give up the right to remain sentient,

you will be elected to public office.

I am trying to give an example of thread priority and how to make sure that threads can keep processor control. A thread with MAX_PRIORITY should not let other threads to run but its not working. Kindly guide me.

Zulfi.

Zulfi Khan wrote:A thread with MAX_PRIORITY should not let other threads to run

Can you point to where in the documentation it says that?

Priorities range from 1 to 10 inclusive (low to high). I wrote a program that allocates 10 threads, each with a different priority. After running for 10 minutes these were the counts I got for each priority. Of note is priority '2' which is the next to lowest almost doesn't run at all, which I find very strange. There is almost no difference for threads 7, 8, 9, and 10.

Here's my test code:

Note, if you run this on your own machine you will probably have to reduce "upper" on line 84. My machine is over-clocked so I had to have a fairly large number.

You have the right to remain sentient. If you give up the right to remain sentient,

you will be elected to public office.

Thanks for your work. But sorry, I cant understand how its related to my work. You are just telling me about priorities. Priority is one way to solve this problem. Its a mutual exclusion prob. I have a 'for' loop which contains critical section and i want it to be accessed one by one. Java has synchronized block and normally it is used to solve this sort of prob. But it should be solved through priority also. Theoretically its true. Higher priority jobs have privilege over lower priority jobs and that's why we use priority concepts. Otherwise there is no need for it. I would now try synchronized block to solve this problem.

Zulfi.

Zulfi Khan wrote:Priority is one way to solve this problem.

There's nothing about priority that says a higher priority thread will finish before the next lower thread starts.

You have the right to remain sentient. If you give up the right to remain sentient,

you will be elected to public office.

There's nothing about priority that says a higher priority thread will finish before the next lower thread starts.

Why we use priority then??

I used the synchronized block but still my output is not correct:

Zulfi.

This still seems more complicated than handling the problem procedurally.

you will be elected to public office.

you will be elected to public office.

Zulfi Khan wrote:Why we use priority then??

Well, "we" don't use priority. There may be some specialized scenarios for which assigning different priorities to threads might be useful. Or more likely back when Java was young and there was only one CPU per machine, that might have been useful. Or perhaps the designers of the Thread class noticed that real-life threads in operating systems had priority levels so they decided that their Thread class needed a "priority" attribute in case anybody ever needed to use the priority levels.

But to me it's pretty clear that allowing users to set the priority of a thread is a bad thing, when the thread is running in a machine which is running a large number of tasks. Like all of the machines we've been running Java on for the last 20 years, in fact. Users are naturally going to say "My task has to run at the highest priority" and that's just going to interfere with all of the other tasks which are trying to get their job done. So Carey's test shows that the priority levels are more or less ignored, which doesn't surprise me at all.

It is sorta covered in the JavaRanch Style Guide. |