I suspect that yes, this it is totally possible to develop an Android app using NetBeans or any other editor.
However in doing so you do need to know how to run all the commands that Android Studio and/or MS Visual Studio run to create the app.
There are many things which these IDEs do/have such as:
Creating the APK file(s)
Integration with the Android Virtual Device (AVD) for testing in the emulator
Publishing of the APK to your physical Android device
A few months ago a community member and I tried to get their Android app which they created using Eclipse working and we ran into one challenge after another starting with acquiring the correct dependencies/support libraries.
“The strongest of all warriors are these two — Time and Patience.” ― Leo Tolstoy, War and Peace