This week's book giveaway is in the Programmer Certification forum. We're giving away four copies of OCP Oracle Certified Professional Java SE 11 Programmer I Study Guide: Exam 1Z0-815 and have Jeanne Boyarsky & Scott Selikoff on-line! See this thread for details.
I think the problem is that you are telling it that you're going to pass an ID yet you don't. So, don't tell it to expect an ID.
String sql = "INSERT INTO BEWOHNER (NAME,DATE,ACTION, INFO) VALUES ('Paul', '10.10.2032', 'California', 'supi')";
It's either that or tell it to expect an ID and give it null.