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Code block with single statement

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My understanding was that if there is only statement in a code block, parentheses ({}) can be skipped. In the below code snippets, first 3 are working fine but last 2 was showing compiler error. This in not practical code but want to understand the concepts.

// #Code 1
if (true)  {
int i=4;

// #Code 2

if (true) {
int i;

// #Code 3

int i;
if (true)  

// #Code 4
if (true)  
int i=4; //ERROR

// #Code 5
if (true)  //ERROR
int i;

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Welcome to the Ranch

Does this question come from a certification exam or book? If so, please supply details of the source. Please also use the code button. If you had done so, your code would have looked so much better (), like this:-It isn't so much a concept as a rule in the grammar. If you look in the Java┬« Language Specification (=JLS), you will find that a statement can be defined as a block or various kinds of statement. So { int i; } is a block, and so would {} be. By the way {} are braces (or curly brackets) not parentheses. But if you simply declare a variable (No 4 and 5) with or without initialisation, that is not defined as a statement, so you are writing a zero‑statement if. And the grammar doesn't allow that.

It is presumably because a declaration on its own inside an if or another control structure can never be used before it goes out of scope. The braces make such a useless declaration into a block, and that is permissible.
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