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Problem getting bash script to execute

 
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I just recently got a bare computer, installed Ubuntu 22 and am trying to tailor it for my usage.  I have no experience with linux.
I have installed wine to run a Windows program.
I have a .sh file:

in a folder on the desktop.
When I right click on the .sh file and select: Open With bash I can not see anything happen.
If I select: Run as a program a terminal window is opened and the script is executed.

What do I need to do to have the script execute when opening with bash?
Thanks,
 
Marshal
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Does the script file have executable permissions?

I don't know if it will cause any problems, but I wouldn't add a .sh to a file which you want to run using the bash shell.  To me, .sh means use the Bourne shell.
 
Norm Radder
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Does the script file have executable permissions?


Yes.  The Run as a program choice doesn't appear without the executable permission.

To me, .sh means use the Bourne shell


I appear to have bash.  The script executes when I use Run as a program but not with Open With bash.

What changes should I make to have the script file open with the default double click?

 
Norm Radder
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Does anyone use script files to tailor their linux system?  Am I trying to do something unusual?
On Windows, I use batch files, shortcuts and registry entries to create a workable environment.
 
Ron McLeod
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Which desktop manager are you using -- GDM, KDE, ???
 
Norm Radder
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Is this what you are asking about:  GNOME Display Manager
 
Ron McLeod
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I have a computer using GDM (Gnome).  I tried this and I was able to launch the application by double-clicking on the desktop icon:

~/Desktop/xterm.desktop
~/.local/share/start-xterm

I'm not recommending running as root - it was the only user configured on the computer which I had available
 
Norm Radder
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Sorry, I don't know anything about linux.
Is this a file:   xterm.desktop that is on the desktop?
How was that file created?
I assume the script file being executed does not have an extension.  I see that its first line has: /usr/bin/bash vs  /bin/bash in my script file???

For one test I used the file manager to create a link to a .sh file and copied that link file to another location.  The link can cause the script to execute with the right selections from the presented menu.

I also created another .sh file that I asked the original question about.
I have two file managers:  nautilus and nemo.  Clicking on the .sh file when using nemo prompts if I want to run or display or ...

I would like to execute the .sh file and not have to answer questions.  Is that possible?
 
Ron McLeod
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Norm Radder wrote:Is this a file:   xterm.desktop that is on the desktop?

Yes - both are files.  ~ represents your home directory, so for you, the files should probably be put in the /home/normt/Desktop directory (may be different with Ubuntu).

The desktop file is used to provide specifications to launch your application from the desktop.  Some information here: https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-create-desktop-shortcut-launcher-on-ubuntu-22-04-jammy-jellyfish-linux

Norm Radder wrote:How was that file created?

I used the vim editor, but any editor could be used.

Norm Radder wrote:I assume the script file being executed does not have an extension.

Script files don't need an extension, the fist line, with the #!(shebang) specifies the shell/interpreter to use.

Norm Radder wrote:I see that its first line has: /usr/bin/bash vs  /bin/bash in my script file???

I am running Oracle 8, and the bash shell is located in the /usr/bin directory.  Ubuntu may be different.

Norm Radder wrote:I have two file managers:  nautilus and nemo ...

The computer I am using uses Nautilus (the default for Gnome).

Norm Radder wrote:I would like to execute the .sh file and not have to answer questions.  Is that possible?

Yes, but I don't really have enough knowledge/experience to help much more - sorry.  I rarely use a graphical desktop, and I typically use Redhat/Oracle/Centos Linux (I do use Ubuntu OS inside containers, but those are never graphical).  Hopefully someone else that uses Ubuntu and Gnome as their everyday platform can help.




 
Norm Radder
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Thanks for all that.  I guess there are many versions of Linux with their own way of doing things.

I got a working shortcut on the desktop using the details in the link you provided.
Thanks again,

Now onto the next part of learning to use my new Ubuntu system:  Migrate Android projects under Eclipse to Android Studio with gradle.  
The Initial import of the eclipse project without any gradle files into AS has failed miserably with lots of cryptic error messages about missing parts.
 
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