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Tomcat startup.bat not working any more

Posts: 12
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Hi Everyone
I was working with Tomcat a year ago. It worked well then. When I double clicked "startup.bat" today it comes upto here
Starting Service-Tomcat Stand Alone
Then with so many errors which I could not even see ,the screen disappears.
when I type "http://localhost"; I am getting a page like this
I am not able to access any files with the link "http://localhost/servlet/Hello.html"; (which are in the root directory)
Can anybody please help me ?
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�t seems that there is a different web server running on your machine.
Are you starting tomcat on port 80 ? And check your log for the first
exception. This is normally named the root cause. There you will find detailed information whats wrong with your tomcat.
Metelda Ganugapanta
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Hi Oliver
Thanks for your reply.
when I say "http://localhost"; or "http://localhost:80"; or ""; it is giving the same web page.
Can you please tell me what is meant by "checking the log "?
Where do I have to check ?
Author and all-around good cowpoke
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Your Tomcat installation writes log files in the logs subdirectory
Don't doubleclick the startup.bat - execute it from a command window so the window won't disappear and you can see error messages.
Metelda Ganugapanta
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Hi Bill
Thanks for your reply.
When I run from command line (i.e. startup) 'it just opens another window still disappears'.
when I shutdown I am getting these errors. refused:connect
at Method)
.... doConnect(....)
..... connect(.... like this .
I just don't know what to do.
Can anybody help me ?
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IntelliJ IDE Java Ubuntu
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The disappearing window usually means that you are trying to start Tomcat when it is already started, or when something *else* is using the port Tomcat expects to be able to use.

you need to try two things:

try : http://localhost:8080/

If that works, then great.

If it doesn't, then very likely you reconfigured Tomcat (a year ago) to use port 80, in which case, any of:

would give you Tomcat... except it doesn't, it gives you some Oracle page. This is the problem. Oracle is using port 80, and when you try to start Tomcat, it fails.

Reconfigure Tomcat to use another port, accomplished in server.xml
[ October 24, 2003: Message edited by: Mike Curwen ]
Metelda Ganugapanta
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Hi Mike
Can you please tell me which other port than "80" do I have to use ??
As you said "http://localhost:8080"; is not working.
Thanks for your response.
Mike Curwen
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There is no port that you "need" to use. It is up to you which port to use.

Look in Tomcat's conf/server.xml file.

You should find a line that looks like this:

Except in your case, the port="8080" will be some other value (probably 80)

try changing that value to something else, XYZ, and then try


What XYZ is, is entirely up to you. I'd use something that is easy for you to remember, as you'll have to type it in, every time you want to access Tomcat.
Metelda Ganugapanta
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Hi Mike
Thanks very much for your response.
I changed that line from "port=80" to "port=8010" (port=10 even ).
But it did not work.
Can you please tell me if I have done correctly.
William Brogden
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To find out whats going wrong you probably need to see the output in the window that closes too fast to see
You can do this by changing the startup.bat file so that it continues in the open command window instead of opening a new one. In the line that reads:

change "start" to "run" and the window will stay open.
Also, we need to know which operating system you have and which Java SDK.
Metelda Ganugapanta
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Hi Bill
I changed "start" to "run".
Tomcat is working now.
It is using port"8010".
I am really happy now.
Thanks you Bill and Thank you Mike for your help.
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I have ecxatly same problem and i tried everything you guys reccomend but mine did not work.
My OS: windows XP home edition, and I am using tomcat 5.27

here is my startup bat file

@echo off
if "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" setlocal
rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
rem Start script for the CATALINA Server
rem $Id: startup.bat,v 1.6 2004/05/27 18:25:11 yoavs Exp $
rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

rem Guess CATALINA_HOME if not defined
set CURRENT_DIR=%cd%
if not "%CATALINA_HOME%" == "" goto gotHome
if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
cd ..
if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
echo The CATALINA_HOME environment variable is not defined correctly
echo This environment variable is needed to run this program
goto end

set EXECUTABLE=%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat

rem Check that target executable exists
if exist "%EXECUTABLE%" goto okExec
echo Cannot find %EXECUTABLE%
echo This file is needed to run this program
goto end

rem Get remaining unshifted command line arguments and save them in the
if ""%1""=="""" goto doneSetArgs
goto setArgs


and here is my JAVA_HOME
here is my server.xml
<!-- Example Server Configuration File -->
<!-- Note that component elements are nested corresponding to their
parent-child relationships with each other -->

<!-- A "Server" is a singleton element that represents the entire JVM,
which may contain one or more "Service" instances. The Server
listens for a shutdown command on the indicated port.

Note: A "Server" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.

<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN" debug="0">

<!-- Comment these entries out to disable JMX MBeans support -->
<!-- You may also configure custom components (e.g. Valves/Realms) by
including your own mbean-descriptor file(s), and setting the
"descriptors" attribute to point to a ';' seperated list of paths
(in the ClassLoader sense) of files to add to the default list.
e.g. descriptors="/com/myfirm/mypackage/mbean-descriptor.xml"
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.ServerLifecycleListener"
<Listener className="org.apache.catalina.mbeans.GlobalResourcesLifecycleListener"

<!-- Global JNDI resources -->

<!-- Test entry for demonstration purposes -->
<Environment name="simpleValue" type="java.lang.Integer" value="30"/>

<!-- Editable user database that can also be used by
UserDatabaseRealm to authenticate users -->
<Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
description="User database that can be updated and saved">
<ResourceParams name="UserDatabase">


<!-- A "Service" is a collection of one or more "Connectors" that share
a single "Container" (and therefore the web applications visible
within that Container). Normally, that Container is an "Engine",
but this is not required.

Note: A "Service" is not itself a "Container", so you may not
define subcomponents such as "Valves" or "Loggers" at this level.

<!-- Define the Tomcat Stand-Alone Service -->
<Service name="Catalina">

<!-- A "Connector" represents an endpoint by which requests are received
and responses are returned. Each Connector passes requests on to the
associated "Container" (normally an Engine) for processing.

By default, a non-SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector is established on port 8080.
You can also enable an SSL HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 by
following the instructions below and uncommenting the second Connector
entry. SSL support requires the following steps (see the SSL Config
HOWTO in the Tomcat 5 documentation bundle for more detailed
* If your JDK version 1.3 or prior, download and install JSSE 1.0.2 or
later, and put the JAR files into "$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext".
* Execute:
%JAVA_HOME%\bin\keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA (Windows)
$JAVA_HOME/bin/keytool -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA (Unix)
with a password value of "changeit" for both the certificate and
the keystore itself.

By default, DNS lookups are enabled when a web application calls
request.getRemoteHost(). This can have an adverse impact on
performance, so you can disable it by setting the
"enableLookups" attribute to "false". When DNS lookups are disabled,
request.getRemoteHost() will return the String version of the
IP address of the remote client.

<!-- Define a non-SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8080 -->
<!-- Marty Hall:
Changed port from 8080 to 80.
<Connector port="80"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" acceptCount="100"
debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
disableUploadTimeout="true" />
<!-- Note : To disable connection timeouts, set connectionTimeout value
to 0 -->

<!-- Note : To use gzip compression you could set the following properties :

noCompressionUserAgents="gozilla, traviata"

<!-- Define a SSL Coyote HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8443 -->
<Connector port="8443"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
enableLookups="false" disableUploadTimeout="true"
acceptCount="100" debug="0" scheme="https" secure="true"
clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" />

<!-- Define a Coyote/JK2 AJP 1.3 Connector on port 8009 -->
<Connector port="8009"
enableLookups="false" redirectPort="8443" debug="0"
protocol="AJP/1.3" />

<!-- Define a Proxied HTTP/1.1 Connector on port 8082 -->
<!-- See proxy documentation for more information about using this. -->
<Connector port="8082"
maxThreads="150" minSpareThreads="25" maxSpareThreads="75"
acceptCount="100" debug="0" connectionTimeout="20000"
proxyPort="80" disableUploadTimeout="true" />

<!-- An Engine represents the entry point (within Catalina) that processes
every request. The Engine implementation for Tomcat stand alone
analyzes the HTTP headers included with the request, and passes them
on to the appropriate Host (virtual host). -->

<!-- You should set jvmRoute to support load-balancing via JK/JK2 ie :
<Engine name="Standalone" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0" jvmRoute="jvm1">

<!-- Define the top level container in our container hierarchy -->
<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost" debug="0">

<!-- The request dumper valve dumps useful debugging information about
the request headers and cookies that were received, and the response
headers and cookies that were sent, for all requests received by
this instance of Tomcat. If you care only about requests to a
particular virtual host, or a particular application, nest this
element inside the corresponding <Host> or <Context> entry instead.

For a similar mechanism that is portable to all Servlet 2.4
containers, check out the "RequestDumperFilter" Filter in the
example application (the source for this filter may be found in

Request dumping is disabled by default. Uncomment the following
element to enable it. -->
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RequestDumperValve"/>

<!-- Global logger unless overridden at lower levels -->
<Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
prefix="catalina_log." suffix=".txt"

<!-- Because this Realm is here, an instance will be shared globally -->

<!-- This Realm uses the UserDatabase configured in the global JNDI
resources under the key "UserDatabase". Any edits
that are performed against this UserDatabase are immediately
available for use by the Realm. -->
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
debug="0" resourceName="UserDatabase"/>

<!-- Comment out the old realm but leave here for now in case we
need to go back quickly -->
<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.MemoryRealm" />

<!-- Replace the above Realm with one of the following to get a Realm
stored in a database and accessed via JDBC -->

<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
connectionName="test" connectionPassword="test"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
connectionURL="jdbc racle:thin:@ntserver:1521 RCL"
connectionName="scott" connectionPassword="tiger"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

<Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.JDBCRealm" debug="99"
connectionURL="jdbc dbc:CATALINA"
userTable="users" userNameCol="user_name" userCredCol="user_pass"
userRoleTable="user_roles" roleNameCol="role_name" />

<!-- Define the default virtual host
Note: XML Schema validation will not work with Xerces 2.2.
<Host name="localhost" debug="0" appBase="webapps"
unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true"
xmlValidation="false" xmlNamespaceAware="false">

<!-- Marty Hall:
Added the following entry to enable servlet-reloading by default.
This means that when you modify a servlet and redeploy athe .class file, the new
version will be used the next time you request the servlet. This is extremely
convenient during development, and often desirable at runtime as well.
However, it does slow the application down a bit, so turn this off for
rarely-changed deployed applications. Remember that for those apps, you can
use the Manager to force a reload.
<DefaultContext reloadable="true"/>

<!-- Defines a cluster for this node,
By defining this element, means that every manager will be changed.
So when running a cluster, only make sure that you have webapps in there
that need to be clustered and remove the other ones.
A cluster has the following parameters:

className = the fully qualified name of the cluster class

name = a descriptive name for your cluster, can be anything

debug = the debug level, higher means more output

mcastAddr = the multicast address, has to be the same for all the nodes

mcastPort = the multicast port, has to be the same for all the nodes

mcastBindAddr = bind the multicast socket to a specific address

mcastTTL = the multicast TTL if you want to limit your broadcast

mcastSoTimeout = the multicast readtimeout

mcastFrequency = the number of milliseconds in between sending a "I'm alive" heartbeat

mcastDropTime = the number a milliseconds before a node is considered "dead" if no heartbeat is received

tcpThreadCount = the number of threads to handle incoming replication requests, optimal would be the same amount of threads as nodes

tcpListenAddress = the listen address (bind address) for TCP cluster request on this host,
in case of multiple ethernet cards.
auto means that address becomes

tcpListenPort = the tcp listen port

tcpSelectorTimeout = the timeout (ms) for the method in case the OS
has a wakup bug in java.nio. Set to 0 for no timeout

printToScreen = true means that managers will also print to std.out

expireSessionsOnShutdown = true means that

useDirtyFlag = true means that we only replicate a session after setAttribute,removeAttribute has been called.
false means to replicate the session after each request.
false means that replication would work for the following piece of code:
HashMap map = (HashMap)session.getAttribute("map");
replicationMode = can be either 'pooled', 'synchronous' or 'asynchronous'.
* Pooled means that the replication happens using several sockets in a synchronous way. Ie, the data gets replicated, then the request return. This is the same as the 'synchronous' setting except it uses a pool of sockets, hence it is multithreaded. This is the fastest and safest configuration. To use this, also increase the nr of tcp threads that you have dealing with replication.
* Synchronous means that the thread that executes the request, is also the
thread the replicates the data to the other nodes, and will not return until all
nodes have received the information.
* Asynchronous means that there is a specific 'sender' thread for each cluster node,
so the request thread will queue the replication request into a "smart" queue,
and then return to the client.
The "smart" queue is a queue where when a session is added to the queue, and the same session
already exists in the queue from a previous request, that session will be replaced
in the queue instead of replicating two requests. This almost never happens, unless there is a
large network delay.
When configuring for clustering, you also add in a valve to catch all the requests
coming in, at the end of the request, the session may or may not be replicated.
A session is replicated if and only if all the conditions are met:
1. useDirtyFlag is true or setAttribute or removeAttribute has been called AND
2. a session exists (has been created)
3. the request is not trapped by the "filter" attribute

The filter attribute is to filter out requests that could not modify the session,
hence we don't replicate the session after the end of this request.
The filter is negative, ie, anything you put in the filter, you mean to filter out,
ie, no replication will be done on requests that match one of the filters.
The filter attribute is delimited by ;, so you can't escape out ; even if you wanted to.

filter=".*\.gif;.*\.js;" means that we will not replicate the session after requests with the URI
ending with .gif and .js are intercepted.

The deployer element can be used to deploy apps cluster wide.
Currently the deployment only deploys/undeploys to working members in the cluster
so no WARs are copied upons startup of a broken node.
The deployer watches a directory (watchDir) for WAR files when watchEnabled="true"
When a new war file is added the war gets deployed to the local instance,
and then deployed to the other instances in the cluster.
When a war file is deleted from the watchDir the war is undeployed locally
and cluster wide

<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"




<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.tcp.ReplicationValve"

<Deployer className="org.apache.catalina.cluster.deploy.FarmWarDeployer"

<!-- Normally, users must authenticate themselves to each web app
individually. Uncomment the following entry if you would like
a user to be authenticated the first time they encounter a
resource protected by a security constraint, and then have that
user identity maintained across *all* web applications contained
in this virtual host. -->
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.authenticator.SingleSignOn"

<!-- Access log processes all requests for this virtual host. By
default, log files are created in the "logs" directory relative to
$CATALINA_HOME. If you wish, you can specify a different
directory with the "directory" attribute. Specify either a relative
(to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the desired directory.
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_access_log." suffix=".txt"
pattern="common" resolveHosts="false"/>

<!-- Logger shared by all Contexts related to this virtual host. By
default (when using FileLogger), log files are created in the "logs"
directory relative to $CATALINA_HOME. If you wish, you can specify
a different directory with the "directory" attribute. Specify either a
relative (to $CATALINA_HOME) or absolute path to the desired
<Logger className="org.apache.catalina.logger.FileLogger"
directory="logs" prefix="localhost_log." suffix=".txt"




As soon as I typed C:\bin>startup.bat dos window disappeared..
if anyone have any idea please help...
Thanks in advance
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There aren't may rules that you need to worry about here on the Ranch, but one that we take very seriously regards the use of proper names. Please take a look at the JavaRanch Naming Policy and adjust your display name to match it.

In particular, your display name must be a first and a last name separated by a space character, and must not be obviously fictitious.

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William Brogden
Author and all-around good cowpoke
Posts: 13078
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Go back and read my post on modifying startup.bat so that the window will stay open. Hopefully, there will be an informative error message.
Watchya got in that poodle gun? Anything for me? Or this tiny ad?
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