Shahriar Khondokar

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Recent posts by Shahriar Khondokar

To connect to SQL Server from a Java application, you need to use the JDBC API. The JDBC API provides classes and methods that connect to the database, load the appropriate driver, send SQL queries, retrieve results etc.

HOW TO CONNECT TO THE DATABASE
A ‘Connection’ object represents a connection with a database.
To establish the connection, use the method ‘DriverManager.getConnection’. This method takes a string containing a URL which represents the database we are trying to connect to.
Below is the sample code for establishing a connection:
private String DATABASE_URL = "jdbc:odbc:embedded_sql_app";
// establish connection to database
Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection( DATABASE_URL,"sa","123" );
Detailed discussion about the Database URL and how to create it can be found in the resource provided at the end of this post.

QUERYING THE DATABASE
The JDBC API provides three interfaces for sending SQL statements to the database, and corresponding methods in the ‘Connection’ interface create instances of them.
1. Statement - created by the ‘Connection.createStatement’ methods. A ‘Statement’ object is used for sending SQL statements with no parameters.
2. PreparedStatement - created by the ‘Connection.prepareStatement methods’. A ‘PreparedStatement’ object is used for precompiled SQL statements. These can take one or more parameters as input arguments (IN parameters).
3. CallableStatement - created by the ‘Connection.prepareCall’ methods. ‘CallableStatement’ objects are used to execute SQL stored procedures from Java database applications.

RETRIEVING THE RESULT
A ‘ResultSet ‘is a Java object that contains the results of executing a SQL query. The data stored in a ‘ResultSet’ object is retrieved through a set of get methods that allows access to the various columns of the current row. The ‘ResultSet.next’ method is used to move to the next row of the ‘ResultSet’, making it the current row.
The following code fragment executes a query that returns a collection of rows, with column ‘a’ as an ‘int’, column ‘b’ as a ‘String’, and column ‘c’ as a ‘float’:
java.sql.Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT a, b, c FROM Table1");
while (rs.next()) {
// retrieve and print the values for the current row
int i = rs.getInt("a");
String s = rs.getString("b");
float f = rs.getFloat("c");
System.out.println("ROW = " + i + " " + s + " " + f);
}

This is just a brief introduction on how to interact with a database from Java. For more details on the items discussed above as well as information on passing parameters, executing stored procedures etc. please refer to the following resource: ( http://www.shahriarnk.com/Shahriar-N-K-Research-Embedding-SQL-in-C-Sharp-Java.html#Shahriar_N_K_Embedding_SQL_In_C_Sharp_Calling_Stored_Procedure )
Here, you will also find information on how to interact with a database programmatically; i.e. without using SQL.
Hope you find this useful.
To connect to SQL Server from a Java application, you need to use the JDBC API. The JDBC API provides classes and methods that connect to the database, load the appropriate driver, send SQL queries, retrieve results etc.

HOW TO CONNECT TO THE DATABASE
A ‘Connection’ object represents a connection with a database.
To establish the connection, use the method ‘DriverManager.getConnection’. This method takes a string containing a URL which represents the database we are trying to connect to.
Below is the sample code for establishing a connection:
private String DATABASE_URL = "jdbc:odbc:embedded_sql_app";
// establish connection to database
Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection( DATABASE_URL,"sa","123" );
Detailed discussion about the Database URL and how to create it can be found in the resource provided at the end of this post.

QUERYING THE DATABASE
The JDBC API provides three interfaces for sending SQL statements to the database, and corresponding methods in the ‘Connection’ interface create instances of them.
1. Statement - created by the ‘Connection.createStatement’ methods. A ‘Statement’ object is used for sending SQL statements with no parameters.
2. PreparedStatement - created by the ‘Connection.prepareStatement methods’. A ‘PreparedStatement’ object is used for precompiled SQL statements. These can take one or more parameters as input arguments (IN parameters).
3. CallableStatement - created by the ‘Connection.prepareCall’ methods. ‘CallableStatement’ objects are used to execute SQL stored procedures from Java database applications.

RETRIEVING THE RESULT
A ‘ResultSet ‘is a Java object that contains the results of executing a SQL query. The data stored in a ‘ResultSet’ object is retrieved through a set of get methods that allows access to the various columns of the current row. The ‘ResultSet.next’ method is used to move to the next row of the ‘ResultSet’, making it the current row.
The following code fragment executes a query that returns a collection of rows, with column ‘a’ as an ‘int’, column ‘b’ as a ‘String’, and column ‘c’ as a ‘float’:
java.sql.Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT a, b, c FROM Table1");
while (rs.next()) {
// retrieve and print the values for the current row
int i = rs.getInt("a");
String s = rs.getString("b");
float f = rs.getFloat("c");
System.out.println("ROW = " + i + " " + s + " " + f);
}

This is just a brief introduction on how to interact with a database from Java. For more details on the items discussed above as well as information on passing parameters, executing stored procedures etc. please refer to the following resource: ( http://www.shahriarnk.com/Shahriar-N-K-Research-Embedding-SQL-in-C-Sharp-Java.html#Shahriar_N_Embedding_SQL_in_Java )
Here, you will also find information on how to interact with a database programmatically; i.e. without using SQL.
Hope you find this useful.